Archives of American Gardens
Over 60,000 photos and records documenting historic and contemporary American gardens
The mission of the Archives of American Gardens: To collect and make available for research use unique, high quality images of and documentation relating to a wide variety of cultivated gardens throughout the United States that are not documented elsewhere since historic, designed and cultural landscapes are subject to change, loss and destruction. In this way, AAG strives to preserve and highlight a meaningful compendium of significant aspects of gardening in the United States for the benefit of researchers and the public today and in the future.
The Archives of American Gardens (AAG) currently documents over 6,300 gardens throughout the United States. Images in the collection, which show views from 1870s to the present, include such features as garden furniture and ornamentation, fountains, sculptures, fences and gates, parterres, and garden structures to name a few. The design styles represented range from large Italianate estates to herb and rose gardens, cottage and patio gardens, and urban parks.
The core of the Archives is a collection of nearly 3,000 hand-colored glass lantern slides dating from the 1920s and 1930s along with approximately 37,000 35mm slides of gardens that date from colonial times to the present. The gardens documented in this extensive collection illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. The collection was donated to the Smithsonian in 1992 by the Garden Club of America (GCA). This organization helps support the AAG with ongoing research and development activities. Through its national network, GCA members continue to expand the collection by photographing and documenting contemporary gardens.
Other collections in the Archives include photographs, plans, and files documenting the work of landscape architects Thomas Warren Sears, Perry Wheeler, and Robert M. Fletcher; author, publisher, and horticulturist Dr. J. Horace McFarland; the Lewis and Valentine Nursery of Long Island, New York; Katharine Lane Weems's Massachusetts estate, "The Chimneys"; historic postcard views collected by Richard Marchand; and the Smithsonian Gardens own gardens, artifacts and activities.
Although the bulk of the Archives consists of 35mm and glass lantern slides, photographs, negatives stereographs, and postcards, it also includes architectural drawings, plans, and business papers. A wide range of written documentation for each garden in the Archives is available. Garden files may include correspondence, journal articles, brochures, drawings, maps, pamphlets, bibliographic citations, and information forms completed by researchers.
Garden Design Highlights
The photographs in the AAG highlight such features as garden furniture and ornamentation, fountains, sculptures, fences and gates, parterres, and garden structures. The design styles represented range from large Italianate estates to herb and rose gardens, cottage and patio gardens, xeriscapes, and community gardens.
Help Identify and Tag Gardens
Help the Archives of American Gardens tag its online images in the Smithsonian's Collections Search Center
Help archives staff identify unidentified gardens in the collection! Help us capture garden history before it is lost.
If you have further questions about the Archives of American Gardens' program or services, please email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 202-633-5840 to speak with a staff member.